Construction sector negotiates headwinds to record output increase
Business activity across the UK construction sector gained speed in October but growth remained much softer than the 24-year high seen in June, according to UK Construction PMI data released today.
Construction companies continued to report widespread supply constraints and rapidly increasing purchase prices, although these trends were the least severe since April.
The headline seasonally adjusted IHS Markit/CIPS UK Construction PMI Total Activity Index registered 54.6 in October, up from 52.6 in September, to signal a robust and accelerated rise in output volumes. This index has now posted above the crucial 50.0 no-change value in each of the past nine months and hit a peak of 66.3 in June.
House building (index at 55.4) replaced commercial work (55.2) as the best-performing category of construction work in October. The latest increase in residential work was the strongest for three months. Commercial construction also expanded at a quicker pace than in September, with survey respondents citing a sustained boost from looser pandemic restrictions. Meanwhile, civil engineering activity (51.4) increased only marginally in October.
New order growth was unchanged from September’s eight-month low and much weaker than seen on average during the summer. Construction companies mostly commented on strong customer demand, but some suggested that supply shortages and escalating costs had hindered contract negotiations.
Resilient pipelines of new work were highlighted by a steep increase in purchasing activity across the construction sector in October. The latest expansion was the fastest for three months and often reflected pre-purchasing ahead of new project starts. Employment numbers also increased at a sharp and accelerated pace in October.
More than half of the survey panel (54%) reported longer delivery times among suppliers in October, while only 2% saw an improvement. Delays were overwhelmingly linked to haulage driver shortages and international shipping congestion. However, the number of construction firms reporting longer wait times for supplier deliveries was down from 63% in September and a peak of 77% in June.
Mirroring the trend for supplier delays, latest data signalled another steep rise in input costs, but the rate of inflation slipped to a six-month low. Around 73% of the survey panel reported an increase in purchase prices in October, which was attributed to rising energy and commodity prices as well as raw material shortages and a lack of transport availability.
Finally, the near-term outlook for construction growth remained positive in October. Just over half (52%) forecast an increase in output during the year ahead, while only 8% expect a decline. The degree of optimism improved slightly since September, despite some firms citing concerns about the impact of supply shortages and sharply rising costs.
Tim Moore, director at IHS Markit, which compiles the survey, said: “UK construction companies achieved a faster expansion of output volumes in October, despite headwinds from severe supply constraints and escalating costs. House building showed the most resilience, as signalled by the fastest rise in residential work for three months.
“However, the volatile price and supply environment added to business uncertainty and continued to impede contract negotiations. As a result, the overall rate of new order growth was unchanged from the eight-month low seen in September.
“There were widespread reports that shortages of materials and staff had disrupted work on site, while rising fuel and energy prices added to pressure on costs. Nonetheless, the worst phase of the supply crunch may have passed, as the number of construction firms citing supplier delays fell to 54% in October, down from 63% in September. Similarly, reports of rising purchasing costs continued to recede from the record highs seen this summer.”
Duncan Brock, group director at the Chartered Institute of Procurement & Supply, added: “Activity in the construction sector powered ahead in October with the fastest rise in purchasing for three months as builders continued their summer bounce into the autumn and resorted to forward buying and building stock levels.
“New order growth remained constant but increasing lead times from suppliers made commitment to contracted projects difficult because of the unpredictability of materials arriving on time as reported by over half of all supply chain managers. A slight moderation in input price inflation also gave hope to builders that price rises were receding, which could mean fewer delayed projects as costs were reviewed.
“With rising optimism and employment levels builders seem confident that the next 12 months will be rosier. However, with the squeeze on supply and staff shortages, it is far from guaranteed that uncertainty and instability are behind us just yet.”
The Federation of Master Builders (FMB) said current labour and material shortages are holding back construction activity at a time when it is needed most to turbo charge the UK economy.
Brian Berry, chief executive of the FMB, said: “It’s good to see that the construction industry has picked up steam following a slight low after the summer rush for building work following pandemic restrictions being lifted across the UK. What is concerning is the continued skills and material shortages hindering growth in the industry. The UK Construction PMI data results show customer demand for building work is there but contracts are not being signed because supply shortages and spiralling costs are stalling negotiations.
“From the FMB’s latest State of Trade Survey Q3 we know 89% of small, local builders have had to press pause on jobs and 97% have experienced increased material costs. The Government needs to make good on its Budget promise to boost skills training to get more apprentices into the construction industry and ensure supply chains remain resilient so goods can move easily from ports to sites.”
Gareth Belsham, director of the national property consultancy and surveyors Naismiths, added: “After its post-peak Autumn wobble, the construction industry is settling back into a good rhythm.
“Output has risen across the board, with housebuilders reclaiming the top spot as the industry’s star performers. Building firms remain largely positive about what the future holds, with over half still forecasting further growth over the next 12 months. In large part that optimism is being driven by the sense that input cost pressures are dissipating.
“Serious shortages of key materials and skilled workers have been pushing up prices and increasing delays since spring, but in October inflation softened to its lowest level in six months.
“However this is still far from a return to the boom times of summer. Construction firms are very busy right now, but new orders are coming in at a more modest rate than they did earlier this year.
“The easing of inflationary pressure will be a huge relief for the industry – for a time there was a real danger it might choke off growth. But with developers and contractors still having to recalibrate prices and endure lengthy delivery times for important materials, things are still challenging.
“Overall though this is encouraging – a return to business as usual, if not a return to the boom seen over summer.”