LBTT revenue falls with commercial property revenue significantly down

David Melhuish
David Melhuish

Land and Building Transaction Tax (LBTT) revenue has fallen from April to May 2017, according to official figures released by Revenue Scotland and analysed by the Scottish Property Federation (SPF).

Overall, May 2017 saw LBTT revenues fall £3.2m to £43.5m compared to April 2017.

The major factor in this month’s decline is a drop in commercial property LBTT of a third from £17.9m in April 2017 to just £12.3m collected in May 2017.

Residential property revenue has slightly increased compared to April (up from £19.3m to £20.7m). However, if replicated over the year these revenues would still leave the Scottish Government considerably short of the residential SDLT in Scotland in its final year where it returned £275m (2014-15).

The LBTT revenue is boosted considerably by the second homes 3% ‘slab tax’ (called the Additional Dwellings Supplement, or ADS for short) which by itself generated £10.5m in the month (up from £9.6m in April) and accounted for nearly a quarter of all LBTT revenue (£43.5m) in May 2017.

David Melhuish, director of the Scottish Property Federation said: “The commercial property market is a factor of the wider economy. The drop to negative economic growth in recent months suggested a drop in commercial LBTT revenues was to be expected. However, losing a third of revenue is disappointing and suggests a commercial property sales market with weak activity currently. If this trend is not significantly reversed, then the commercial element of LBTT will again fall well short of expectations.

“Looking at the wider picture, it is significant that the newest LBTT tax, the Additional Dwelling Supplement, provided nearly a quarter of all LBTT revenue in May. The non-second homes residential market did produce slightly more LBTT than in April, but without the second homes slab tax, it would not be providing the growth in revenues expected by the government.

“If the 10 per cent residential LBTT threshold could be raised to £500,000 from its current level of £325,000 we believe this would stimulate more activity as it would help transactions through alleviating the tax burden for this level of the market. More transactions at this level of the market would significantly boost not just the property markets and related economic activity, but also the government’s revenue.”

Share icon
Share this article: