Stewart Milne Group

New developer introduced at Haddington housing development

Gerry More

A residential development in Haddington that includes a new primary school is making considerable progress with the introduction of a second developer.

Included in recent milestones at the Letham Mains site, CALA Homes (East) is looking to split its previously approved original share of 376 homes, with Stewart Milne Homes now seeking to take on 155 homes.

Despite not altering the total number of homes, the like-for-like substitution of plots between the two developers requires fresh planning approval, due to variations in home styles and small on-site design changes, with proposals by Stewart Milne Homes recently submitted.

Derek Lawson, strategic land director with CALA Homes (East), said: “We’re pleased to be able to work with Stewart Milne Homes to enable them to take over half of our original site.

“This ensures our team can focus on delivering high-quality homes, while facilitating the new purpose-built primary school.”

CALA is on schedule to commence construction on its remaining share of the homes in January 2018, with Stewart Milne Homes anticipating starting in the summer, subject to planning outcomes.

Managing director of Stewart Milne Homes Central, Gerry More, added: “We are seeing strong demand for quality family homes across Central Scotland and, by increasing the number of active developments, through collaborative working with other homebuilders, we’re in a firm position to cater to this demand.

“Subject to planning approval, we are looking to create an attractive neighbourhood of 155 homes at Haddington. With attention to detail in both the craftsmanship of our homes and in the design of the settings, streets and green space, we will deliver a distinctive and desirable place to live which, with the plans for the new primary school, will be ideal for families.”

Meaningful progress has also been made at the development following a major earthwork project to prepare the site. These works include spine road infrastructure, regrading of levels, delivery of services and will include off-site works on West Road.

Likewise, the CALA Homes-led programme to deliver the serviced school site is on track for early summer 2018 when it will hand over to the local authority.

Derek Lawson added: “Letham Mains is a major project for us and a very important element of East Lothian Council’s release of housing across the region.

“We are delighted to now have the housebuild start date very much in sight and will begin to provide a welcome boost to house hunters offering high-quality premium product from our new Light and Space range.”

Stewart Milne Homes builds new senior team to gear up for new Central Belt developments

(from left) Gary Milne, Grant Kirkhope, Stuart Henderson and Gerry More

Stewart Milne Homes has strengthened its senior team as it gears up for major growth in the Central Belt with eight land acquisitions in the pipeline in the next six months.

The housebuilder, which aims to deliver 500 new homes in the Central Belt every year, said it will be investing significantly in purchasing land for new developments and securing planning consents. It will also be starting on sites which have been granted permission such as 77 new flats and townhouses at Cathcart on the south side of Glasgow, and 68 detached family homes at Pentcaitland in East Lothian.

Stuart Henderson will lead the housebuilder’s goal of being at the forefront of designing the very best homes and neighbourhoods across central Scotland in the newly created role of design director. A qualified architect, Stuart has worked at Stewart Milne Homes for 17 years, during which time the house-builder has won numerous awards for design and quality.

Formerly land director, Gary Milne has been appointed technical director to head up a team which provides engineering support to the land, design and construction parts of the business. A Chartered Member of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Gary joined Stewart Milne Group in 2001 and sits on the Board of Stewart Milne Homes.

Finally, Grant Kirkhope moves from a strategic group role to join Stewart Milne Homes as land director, responsible for identifying, appraising and delivering land opportunities across the region. Grant joined Stewart Milne Group from Persimmon Homes in 2014.

These internal succession appointments follow the recent appointment of Bryan Galloway as construction director.

Managing director Gerry More said: “These changes now ensure that we have a robust structure to fully capitalise on the new opportunities in the Central Belt, where we are adding attractive sites in the east of Scotland to our strong pipeline of developments in the West.

“With distinct teams in design and technical, working closely with the land team, we will have an increased focus on the front-end of our business to make sure site infrastructure works start in an effective and efficient manner. Ultimately, this will accelerate the delivery of much-needed homes across the country in line with government policy.”

Blog: Developers can play pivotal role in improving Scotland’s digital connectivity

Jim Fitzsimons, project director at Countesswells

Jim Fitzsimons, project director at Countesswells

Jim Fitzsimons calls on property developers and authorities to work together to improve Scotland’s “woefully inadequate” digital infrastructure.

Improving digital infrastructure is key to the future success of the Scottish economy.

There are still too many parts of Scotland that have woefully inadequate broadband connectivity and local and national government initiatives are not addressing the problems quickly enough.

In bringing forward Aberdeen’s largest new “town” at Countesswells, we’ve installed ultrafast broadband. We believe that what we’ve done here should and could be replicated by other developers across Scotland and indeed should be a key consideration when planning new housing or mixed-use developments.

Residents and businesses at our new £800 million community to the west of Aberdeen will have access to broadband that is 35 times faster than the UK average. In what is believed to be a first for a new town development, we decided to install the fibre optic network necessary to deliver such high speeds at the same time as it was bringing other services, such as gas and drainage, onto the site.

Countesswells is the first community in Scotland to have access to 1Gbps. This means that a 4k movie, which would typically take eight hours to download, will take just over ten minutes.

Ultrafast connectivity can be harnessed to grow existing businesses; attract further investment; create new businesses; and enhance Scotland’s attractiveness as a place to live and work. Broadband connectivity is now a part of everyday life and one of the first things new home buyers ask for. Typically, developers have been slow to reflect this as part of their offering. At Countesswells, ultrafast digital connectivity was at the heart of designing the new community.

But our vision to make Countesswells the most connected community in Scotland goes beyond bringing the highest broadband speeds into homes. Providing the fibre network is just the start. How you use it is the exciting bit. By installing the internal fibre network across the community, we are future-proofing to such an extent that households could have direct links with the services provided on site such as schools and health centres, enabling home consultations for example. We’re working closely with the local authority as part of the overall approach to place-making to see what is possible.

Businesses on-site will also benefit from the connectivity, whether it be to promote working from home or to attract businesses who rely on superfast connections to transfer huge amounts of data.

We identified the best partner, Grain, and then installed the best fibre network available, along with the work on existing and new roads, which made it relatively cost-effective.

The wider Aberdeenshire region can benefit from what we’ve already done, but rolling it out more widely will require support from the public sector

Local authorities and developers can work closely together to provide the connectivity needed to drive economic growth in Scotland and we believe the forward-thinking and innovative partnership that has been created at Countesswells should be considered across the country.

Countesswells signed an agreement for internet service provider Grain to provide hyperfast broadband to the site.  SSE Enterprise Telecoms were then appointed to support part of the roll-out with enough national fibre background. Grain’s fibre network is now ready and waiting the day residents and businesses move in, providing hyperfast broadband and a crystal-clear fibre telephone connection. Once fully set up at Countesswells, Grain could explore solutions for residents in other areas of Aberdeen to try to solve the broadband problems they are experiencing. Ultimately, our hyperfast broadband could be accessible right across the city.

  • Jim Fitzsimons is director of special projects at Stewart Milne Group, the developer behind Countesswells

Stewart Milne to appeal decision to reject plans for 142 homes in Stonehaven

The proposed new layout for Carron Den

The proposed new layout for Carron Den

A decision by councillors to turn down an application to build 142 homes in Stonehaven has been appealed to the Scottish Government.

Stewart Milne Homes, which had already been granted planning approval to build 109 houses on the Carron Den site, moved to reduce the size of the homes from five bedrooms to two and three due to “changes in the housing market”.

New proposals were launched to build a maximum of 155 on the site – including the 13 already built – however the application was rejected by Aberdeenshire Council’s Kincardine and Mearns area committee in September.

The committee refused the application on the grounds that a 40% increase of houses was a significant departure from the original application, traffic issues, and concerns about the new design and layout.

Now the developer hopes to overturn the decision by appealing to the government’s planning reporter.

John Low, managing director for Stewart Milne Homes North, said: “Having received very strong recommendations to approve from Aberdeenshire Council officers and with only three objections from the local community, we are hopeful of securing a positive outcome.

“This application is an adjustment to a previous consent that allows us to deliver smaller homes and affordable housing to meet the current, critical demand in Stonehaven. This will help those who are desperate to get on the property ladder and is in line with the Scottish Government’s housing policy.”

Stewart Milne Homes appoints new construction director to drive growth in central Scotland

Bryan Galloway, Stewart Milne Group’s new construction director for central Scotland

Bryan Galloway, Stewart Milne Group’s new construction director for central Scotland

Bryan Galloway has been appointed as Stewart Milne Group’s new construction director for central Scotland as part of its drive to deliver more than 500 homes in the region year-on-year.

Mr Galloway will be responsible for increasing the number of homes being built by the firm, which currently has over a dozen active outlets and is investing in land for new site in the Central Belt. Over the past 12 months, land with a sales value in excess of £100 million, has been acquired in central Scotland.

With over 30 years’ experience in the construction industry, Mr Galloway will head up an experienced construction team, bringing a wealth of expertise and knowledge from his previous roles with national housebuilders, Wimpey Homes, CALA Homes, Miller Homes, and, most recently, Barratt Homes and Avant Homes.

(from left) head of operations John Graham, Bryan Galloway, and construction manager Allan Cunningham

(from left) head of operations John Graham, Bryan Galloway, and construction manager Allan Cunningham

Gerry More, managing director for Stewart Milne Homes Central Scotland, said: “We have been increasing the number of active developments in locations with the strongest demand for the high-quality family homes we provide and Central Scotland is key for us in terms of investment. We are seeing a strong sales performance in our well-established homes business in this region and Bryan will play an integral role in delivering our strategy.”

Mr Galloway, who will also join the board of Stewart Milne Homes Central Scotland, added: “I’ve long been an admirer of the team at Stewart Milne Homes and am excited to be representing one of Scotland’s leading privately-owned homebuilders. This is a great opportunity to be part of an experienced management team who have a mandate to grow the business by adding attractive sites in the East of Scotland to its strong West of Scotland strategic land pipeline of developments.”

Stewart Milne Group is continuing to invest in new developments in the region, with plans to purchase land in the next 12 months with a turnover value in excess of £150m.

Innovative funding scheme contributes £15m to 50,000 affordable homes target

Kevin Stewart

Kevin Stewart

More than £15 million for affordable housing projects has been raised through an innovative funding scheme, supporting the development of over 200 homes for social rent across the country.

The Charitable Bond Investment Programme provides funding for new affordable housing. Any interest accrued on those bonds is donated to charity, which Scottish Ministers have committed to social housing. Almost £90m of bonds have been issued over the last two years, resulting in £15m of funding being made available for allocation.

Housing minister Kevin Stewart welcomed the funding on a visit to a development by Hillcrest Housing Association and builder Stewart Milne, at Countesswells in Aberdeen. As part the development, a £4m charitable donation will deliver 52 homes for social rent.

Mr Stewart said: “This innovative scheme firmly demonstrates our commitment to investing in affordable housing for people the length and breadth of Scotland. I am delighted to see what our support is providing for projects like the Hillcrest development.

“We are committed to delivering at least 50,000 affordable homes over this Parliament, backed by £3 billion of investment. These charitable donations and developments like Hillcrest’s are a great example of how we are meeting that commitment and giving people a helping hand onto the housing ladder – a core part of our drive to make Scotland fairer and more prosperous.”

John Low, managing director of Stewart Milne Homes North, said: “Having delivered over 200 homes through the National Housing Trust initiative, Stewart Milne Homes are proud to work with the Scottish Government and their agencies to deliver affordable homes through new initiatives.

“The launch of this charitable bond sees Stewart Milne Homes at the forefront of delivery of affordable housing in partnership with the Scottish Government and Hillcrest.”

The Scottish Government funds loans to housing associations by investing in Charitable Bonds – an ethical investment product where interest normally paid to the bond holder, or profit to shareholders, is released as donations for a charity of the investors choice.

Donation money is issued by Allia, a not-for-profit community interest organisation, who developed and operate the Charitable Bonds programme on behalf of Scottish Ministers. This is done in the same way as grant funding, with housing associations submitting a tender application for funding which is then managed in the same way as a standard social housing project by the Scottish Government.

The Hillcrest development is the second affordable housing development at Countesswells supported by the Scottish Government. On completion Countesswells is expected to deliver 3,000 new homes.

Minister opens Aberdeen Countesswells development

L-R: Bill Chapman chairman of OTRA, Scottish Housing Minister Kevin Stewart with Osprey Chief Executive Glenn Adcook with Liam Wilson and Chelsey McElroy with their one year old daughter Ariah (Photo: Newsline Media)

L-R: Bill Chapman chairman of OTRA, Scottish Housing Minister Kevin Stewart with Osprey Chief Executive Glenn Adcook with Liam Wilson and Chelsey McElroy with their one year old daughter Ariah
(Photo: Newsline Media)

Scottish Housing Minister Kevin Stewart has officially opened a flagship development for two housing groups in Aberdeen.

The first tenants have now moved into both Osprey Housing’s and Castlehill Housing Association’s properties at Countesswells, built by Stewart Milne Homes on the western outskirts of the city.

This is the first planned new community for Aberdeen and the only housing development in the UK supported by HM Treasury’s UK Guarantee Scheme, along with £7.3 million of funding from the Scottish Government for 106 units.

Osprey chief executive Glenn Adcook, said: “We are delighted that the Minister has been able to open our new development at Countesswells. This is a milestone for us and a hugely important part of our plans for  Aberdeen . Together with Castlehill we are proud to be providing the first affordable housing in such a strategically important development.”

“I should also like to pay tribute to Stewart Milne Homes for providing such high quality homes for our tenants.”

Mr Stewart toured the site and met some of the new tenants.

He said: “I am delighted to see the completion of the first phase of affordable housing at Countesswells, which will bring great benefits to the area. It not only provides high quality, affordable accommodation, but an exceptional place to live.

“Support for this development is a great example of how the Scottish Government is helping provide the right homes, in the right places, and to a standard anyone would be proud to call home – a core part of our drive to make Scotland a fairer and more prosperous country.

“We are committed to delivering at least 50,000 affordable homes over this Parliament – backed by £3 billion of investment. As this projects shows – with a promise of 106  affordable, energy efficient homes on this particular development – I am confident that target can be achieved.”

Among the first tenants to move into the development are Liam Wilson and Chelsey McElroy with their one year old daughter Ariah. The couple are expecting their second child, due on Christmas Day. Chelsey said: “This move has completely changed our lives. Countesswells is a fantastic environment and we love it. We previously lived in a small multi-storey flat in an area rife with anti-social behaviour. We couldn’t be happier to have moved here.”

John Low, managing director for Stewart Milne Homes North, said: “New developments with the right mix of homes, including affordable, are key to tackling the housing shortage. We’re proud to play our part in meeting demand with quality homes in the right locations that have the potential to make a real difference to individuals, couples and families.

“With the right blend of types and sizes of homes at Countesswells, we’re creating a genuine, new community within a unique landscaped and natural environment.”

Osprey has a mix of 1, 2 and 3 bed flats and houses at the development providing a mix of social and mid market rental (MMR) properties. The organisation’s 12 remaining MMR units will be handed over by mid November. Castlehill’s remaining 12 MMR units will be handed over by the end of November with the final nine social rented units handed over by mid January.

Castlehill Housing Association chief executive, David Lappin, said: ”We are delighted with the handover of these much needed new properties. This is a landmark for Castlehill Housing Association that brings our stock in the North East to over 2,000 homes.”

Countesswells, which will have 3,000 new homes including 750 affordable, will be phased in over 15 years, boosting the local economy and supporting 1,000 construction jobs in the region.

Facilities within Countesswells will include a new secondary school and two primary schools, healthcare facilities, local business units, retail and leisure, together with high quality open, civic spaces and extensive parkland linking the community to the existing mature woodland.

New neighbourhood centre at Countesswells gets the green light

Artist’s impression looking north over the phase 1b development to show the planned infrastructure and housing, and the neighbourhood centre, which is part of the next phase of the new community at Countesswells. (Illustration courtesy of Countesswells Development Limited)

Artist’s impression looking north over the phase 1b development to show the planned infrastructure and housing, and the neighbourhood centre, which is part of the next phase of the new community at Countesswells. (Illustration courtesy of Countesswells Development Limited)

Plans have been approved to create a neighbourhood centre as part of the next phase of the new community at Countesswells to the west of Aberdeen.

Masterplans for the three phases of the 3,000-home community, which detail the lay-out and design of its streets, houses, green spaces, local services, facilities and business premises, underpin the principle of creating distinct neighbourhoods within the community.

Aberdeen City Council’s planning committee has now given its support to the Phase 1b Masterplan for Countesswells which, following on from the previous award of planning permission in principle for the overall development, provides details of how the overall community is set to become an exceptional place in which to live and work.

Within this next phase of development, which will see the number of new homes rise to around 600 adjacent to the community’s first primary school, the neighbourhood centre will deliver vital local amenities such as retail space for shops, community facilities, and small scale office space, set around a public open square.

In line with the Countesswells vision of creating one of the greenest and most attractive places to live in the north-east, there are proposals to create allotments within a few moments’ walk to the north of the square.

These elements will tie-in to the road and pedestrian infrastructure on the site, which is also being phased in as part of an effort to minimise disruption to existing residents and road users, while providing upgrades to the existing local network. In conjunction with further development of the UK’s fastest fibre optic communications network, which has been installed as part of the original phase of development at Countesswells, providing small businesses and local residents with access to high speed broadband and internet connectivity.

“Creating a new community is only possible when the place has all the elements people need to truly make it theirs, and that doesn’t just mean a home,” said Allan McGregor, Countesswells project director.

“Throughout the north-east of Scotland, villages and towns, which have not only grown but prospered as places with their own identity, have been built around common spaces, from the iconic, historic archway at Fettercairn, to the market squares at Stonehaven and Ellon.

“The neighbourhood centre in Phase 1b is the back bone of the new settlement at Countesswells – its shops, indoor facilities and outdoor meeting spaces are there to be used for the benefit of the people who call the community home, and are proud to do so.

“Across the community, a dynamic mix of uses are built-in to each masterplan, balancing residential and retail, and leisure and commercial space to create a place with its own opportunities to live, work and play, while remaining part of what is a very cosmopolitan city – which is a key focus of the Council’s local plan.”

In keeping with traditional town planning, a higher concentration of residential property in Countesswells will be created in the area surrounding the neighbourhood centre, with the density reducing to the north of the site.

The new community is being brought forward by Countesswells Development Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of Stewart Milne Group. The development of Countesswells will be phased over fifteen years, with a total capital value of approximately £1 billion, boosting the local economy, supporting construction jobs in the north-east and creating new employment opportunities.

Across the other phases a new secondary school; additional primary school; healthcare facilities; and other community facilities will be developed. It’s high quality open spaces will link the community to existing environmental resources at Countesswells and Hazlehead.

Plans to increase number of homes at proposed Stonehaven development refused

The proposed new layout for Carron Den

The proposed new layout for Carron Den

Councillors have turned down an application to build 142 homes in Stonehaven.

Stewart Milne Homes had already been granted planning approval to build 109 houses on the Carron Den site but moved to reduce the size of the homes from five bedrooms to two and three when new proposals were launched last year.

The developer said “changes in the housing market” were behind the alterations.

Objections to the proposals included concerns over the impact that the increased houses would have on traffic management, as well as the impact on education, leisure and medical facilities in Stonehaven. Other concerns were raised about the overall revised design and layout of the settlement.

Aberdeenshire Council planning officers had recommended that the plans be approved, arguing that amenities in Stonehaven can cope with an extra 42 homes, saying that the overall impact of the increase would be “fairly minor”.

Stephen Archer, director of infrastructure services at Aberdeenshire Council, said: “The site currently has planning consent for 109 residential units.

“To date only 13 properties have been built where the access road enters the development and along the northern boundary of the site along the ridge above the Carron Water.

“The proposed 142 dwellings, in addition to the 13 already constructed, would increase the total number of dwellings to 155, 46 more than the 109 already approved.

“The development would include 43 affordable units amounting to 27.7% affordable housing provision. The initial proposal was for the erection of 147 dwellings in addition to the 13 constructed but this was reduced to 142 to accommodate an amended road layout.

“The applicant removed five open market units but retained the proposed number of affordable units.”

The previously approved development at the site

The previously approved development at the site

Mr Archer added planners felt due to the level of engagement carried out by the developer they were happy to accept the policy departure.

He said: “The proposal does not fully comply with the Local Development Plan (LDP) and the Planning Service is recommending approval of the application as a departure from LDP Policies H1: Housing land and P1: Layout siting and design, both of which require a masterplan which has gone through appropriate public consultation.

“The Planning Service consider it acceptable to depart from these policies in this regard, due to this requirement not being in place at the time of submission of the application, and that the level of engagement, consideration and consultation on the finalised content during consideration of this and previous applications is tantamount to a robust masterplan for the site.”

However, councillors voted eight to three to refuse the application, on the grounds that a 40% increase of houses was a significant departure from the original application, traffic issues, and concerns about the new design and layout.

Speaking at the Kincardine and Mearns Area Committee meeting this week, Councillor Sarah Dickinson said: “I don’t consider a near 50% increase as a “minor departure” from the original application. It is a significant increase. These developments have a cumulative impact on Stonehaven and it is unacceptable without us seeing a change in what is provided in the town in terms of leisure facilities, as well as other facilities.”

Councillor Colin Pike added: “We have to include an element of common sense here. We have a developer who has approval for 109 houses. The houses aren’t selling, as they are too expensive. The officers claim these new houses meet current needs – we are an ageing population, but there are no bungalows in these plans. The developer has got it wrong. We cannot absorb 142 new houses here. We are being asked to approve something that is wrong and the planning department is not here to get developers out of trouble.”

Committee chair Wendy Agnew agreed: “This is 32 more houses. It puts increased pressure on the medical centre, dentist, and leisure centre. I feel that 142 is too many for the town. With the added housing this will no longer be an award winning designed hamlet, there will be too many houses crammed in to the space.”

Stewart Milne Group launches new campaign to spruce up communal spaces

John Low, MD of Stewart Milne Homes North, and Carole Baxter from Beechgrove Garden

John Low, MD of Stewart Milne Homes North, and Carole Baxter from Beechgrove Garden

Communities up and down the UK could benefit from greener, more attractive communal spaces as part of a Stewart Milne Group campaign to give back to the regions in which it works.

In a bid to improve outdoor spaces for the benefit of whole communities, the housebuilder and timber systems manufacturer is today launching its ‘Greener Spaces, Better Places’ campaign.

Stewart Milne Group is looking for run-down, neglected or simply unused open spaces which would benefit from a green make-over. Projects could include a local park which needs more grass or plants, the building of allotments or an open space which could be transformed from a concrete wasteland into a colourful, tranquil oasis in the heart of a community.

Greener Spaces, Better Places aims to encourage greater bio-diversity in communities through the introduction of new plants, flowers and trees which attract more species of wildlife and to promote a sense of community spirit by bringing people together to work on the make-over and get a taste for gardening.

The group is inviting nominations from members of the public, special interest groups, community councils or charities to nominate an outdoor space in need of improvement in the regions in which it operates: North-east of Scotland, Central Scotland, North-west England and Oxfordshire.

A judging panel comprising TV presenter Carole Baxter from the BBC’s Beechgrove Garden, Fiona Weir of the RSPB and representatives from Stewart Milne Group, will select a short-list of three from all the entries in each region. The public will then be able to vote for their favourite through social media. The winners in each region will be announced in September and projects will get underway as soon as possible thereafter, subject to weather and availability of materials and labour.

Stewart Milne Group chief executive, Glenn Allison, said: “The community in which you live is just as important as your home itself. At Stewart Milne Group, we’re committed to building communities and to giving back to those regions in which we work.

“Communal outdoor places are important for everyone from children to the elderly but, in some areas, there is a lack of green space or eyesores which need a bit of love and attention.

“Whether it’s providing landscape gardeners to design and plant colourful flower beds, or tradespeople to build a walled garden or allotment or simply providing a little love and attention to existing green spaces, we will consider all types of projects which will benefit as many people as possible.”

Stewart Milne Group may allocate direct funds towards the chosen projects or provide the materials and/or people to carry out the green makeover.

The deadline for submission of nomination forms is September 8. Completed forms should be emailed to

Beechgrove Garden’s Carole Baxter added: “This is a fantastic opportunity and I would encourage communities to put forward ideas. Improving and increasing green outdoor spaces do make for much better places to live, not just because they look good and provide a focal point for a community but also because, through a spot of gardening, they can bring people together.

“Stewart Milne Group’s generosity and commitment to its local communities are to be welcomed and I am looking forward to playing a role in selecting projects which will have a positive impact in those communities”

Fiona Weir, Programme Manager for RSPB’s Giving Nature a Home, said: “I am really excited to be part of the judging panel for this campaign. RSPB Scotland’s Giving Nature a Home project is passionate about creating better green places for wildlife and people, creating havens for biodiversity and enhancing existing spaces. There is a huge amount of wildlife that can be found in our cities and it is important that we design and enhance existing spaces for both people and wildlife to live together.”